What are the countries in North America?

What are the countries in North America? The continent of North America is the third largest Continent in the world based on its area. The North American continent covering approximately 4.8% of the Earth's surface (sea and land) or have about 16.5% of the total landmass on Earth is located between the Pacific Ocean to the West and the Atlantic Ocean to the East.

The geographic boundaries that differentiate between the continent of North America with South America are the border between the State of Panama (North America) and Colombia (South America). The Mainland of the North American continent and South American Continents are also separated by Panama Canal connecting the Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean.

Canada is the largest country on the continent of North America that is as big as 9.984.670 km2 while the Country has the largest population in the mainland of North America is the United States that is as much as 321,368,864 inhabitants.
  • An area of the North American continent: 24,490 000 km2
  • The population of the North American continent: 565,265, 000 inhabitants (EST. 1995)
  • The number of countries in the continent of North America: 23 recognized sovereign State of the UNITED NATIONS
  • The highest point on the mainland of North America: Mount McKinley in Alaska (6, 194m)
  • The largest lake in continental North America: Lake Superior (82.410 km2)
  • The longest river in the North American continent: the Mississippi River-Missouri (6,133)
  • Languages of the North American continent: United Kingdom Language, the English and the languages of Spain.
North America map picture

The list of countries on the continent of North America

Geographically, the North American continent can be divided into a few sub areas of the region, namely North America, the Caribbean and Central America.

Countries in the Sub-region of North America
Country
Capital
Area
Kanada
Meksiko
United States
Ottawa
Mexico City
Washington, D.C.
9.984.670 km²
1.964.375 km²
 9.833.517 km²

Countries in the Sub-region Caribbean
Almost all of the countries that are in the Sub-region is the Caribbean island nation; the following are the countries located in the Sub-region Caribbean.

Country
Capital
Area
Antigua and Barbuda
Bahamas
Barbados
Cuba
Dominica
Dominican Republic
Grenada
Haiti
Jamaica
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent dan Grenadines
Trinidad dan Tobago
St. John’s
Nassau
Bridgetown
Havana
Roseau
Santo Domingo
St. George’s
Port-au-Prince
Kingston
Basseterre
Castries
Kingstown
Port of Spain
442,6 km²
13.880 km²
430 km²
110.860 km²
751 km²
48.670 km²
344 km²
27.750 km²
10.991 km²
261 km²
616 km²
389 km²
5.128 km²

Countries in the Sub-region Central America
Below is a list of 7 countries located in the Central American region.

Country Capital Area
Belize
Costa Rica
El Salvador
Guatemala
Honduras
Nicaragua
Panama
Belmopan
San Jose
San Salvador
Guatemala City
Tegucigalpa
Managua
Panama City
22,966 km²
51.100 km²
21.041 km²
108.889 km²
112.090 km²
130.370 km²
75.420 km²

So what are the countries in North America?

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What are the countries in North America?