A brief biography of the Muslim physicist Abdus Salam of Pakistan


A brief biography of the Muslim physicist Abdus Salam of Pakistan - Abdus Salam was born January 29, 1926, in Jhang, Pakistan. He was a Muslim physicist, best of the 21st century. His father was an officer of the Department of Education in a poor farming area in Pakistan. Her family is known for its tradition of learning and good. He became the Jamaat Ahmadiyya Muslims.

At the age of 22 years, Salam had earned a doctorate in theoretical physics (quantum electrodynamics), where he graduated "summa cum laude" from the University of Cambridge. Since before his dissertation completed, scientific papers have been known to the international world.

When the 32-year-old Abdus Salam, he got Adam Prize from the University of Cambridge as a first-class International researcher in the field of mathematics. Then, a year later when he was 33 years old, he became one of the youngest members of the Fellow of the Royal Society.

After his studies, doctorally Salam back to Pakistan to establish school-based research. During 1951-1954, he taught mathematics at Government College, Lahore, and became head of the Mathematics Department at the Punjab University.

A brief biography of the Muslim physicist Abdus Salam of Pakistan

Because it is impossible to pursue a career in the field of theoretical physics research in Pakistan, he later accepted an offer to teach at the University of Cambridge. In 1957, he became a professor of theoretical physics at Imperial College, London. There he endured until his retirement.

For work abroad, Greeting several times back to his home country, Pakistan, science policy advisor. He was instrumental in the formation of the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC) and the Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission (SUPARCO), the Research Institute of Atomic and space of Pakistan. He was instrumental in the formation of superior science colleges throughout Pakistan which aims at advancing the science in the country.

For 11 years to serve his country, Salam has officially resigned from his position in the Government when the Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto rose to Prime Minister of Pakistan. She could not receive treatment Ali Bhutto who passed a law non-Muslims against minority Ahmadiyya Jamaat; the Islamic community places himself was born and raised.

Abdus Salam left Pakistan quietly. He chose to go in peace to spread knowledge for the world and all humanity. It is evidenced by most of her years spent as a Professor of Physics at the Imperial College of Science and Technology, London, during the years 1957-1993.

Since 1964 the greeting became a senior researcher at the International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP) in Trieste, Italy, as well as being a Director for 30 years.

Until the end of his life, the son of Pakistan's best it gets no less than 39 degrees doctor honoris causa. This is a historical record for the actress Pakistani Abdus Salam. Degree obtained Abdus Salam, among others, of the University of Edinburgh in 1971, the University of Trieste in 1979, the University of Islamabad in 1979, as well as prestigious universities in Peru, India, Poland, Jordan, Venezuela, Turkey, Philippines, China, Sweden, Belgium, and Russia.

Salam also became an honorary member of the National Academy of Sciences in 35 countries in Asia, Africa, Europe, and America. Abdus Salam belonged to Islamic ambassadors. For example, in the speech of the granting of the Nobel Prize in physics at the Karolinska Institute, Sweden, he started greeting bismillah.

There, he claimed that his research based on conviction sentence against unity "I hope Unifying the Forces can give scientific grounding against the conviction of the existence of God," said the author of 250 scientific papers in particle physics that.

Abdus Salam died on November 21, 1996, in Oxford, the United Kingdom at the age of 70 years. He left a wife and six children (two boys and four girls). Salam was buried in ground water which is very loved in Rabwah, Pakistan.

Theoretical Physics Abdus Salam

Abdus Salam was a Muslim convert Eml to Outlook partial physicists in seeing the five fundamental forces at play in nature, i.e. style electric, magnetic force, the gravitational force, the strong force that holds protons and neutrons remain close together in the nucleus, as well as styles that among other things are responsible for the slowness of the decay of radioactive one reaction. For centuries the fifth style it understood separately according to the framework of the propositions and postulates.

Greetings together with Steven Weinberg and Sheldon Glashow to grab Nobel Prize in Physics in 1979. He was awarded the Nobel prize because of his contribution in uniting the electromagnetic force and the weak nuclear force.

In his acceptance speech, greeting Nobelnya gifts quotes a verse of the Koran, "seest Thou not, in the creation of the All-merciful any imperfection, Return thy gaze, seest thou any fissure. Then return thy gaze, again and again. Thy gaze, Comes back to thee dazzled, aweary ".

Then proceed with the quote, "This, in effect, is the faith of all physicists, the deeper we seek, our wonder is the excited, the more is dazzlement for our gaze."

Electroweak theory (Electroweak) into one to one Noblest Unification Theory development footing (Grand Unification Theory) that seeks to unite these two styles with two core style, namely the strong force. The theory is developed into an essential core in the development of the standard model of particle physics.

The existence of unity in the interaction styles formulated by a trio of Abdus Salam-Sheldon Lee Glashow-Steven Weinberg in Unifying the Forces Theory. According to the theory announced in 1967 that, weak currents in the Atomic nuclei in particle by 3 became each emits a current or high force.

The existence of three of these particles was demonstrated experimentally in 1983 by a research team led by Carlo Rubia, Director of CERN (Center Europeen de Recherche Cern) in Geneva, Switzerland.

It turns out the stub theory Regards later inspired other physicists when developing cutting-edge Cosmology theories, such as the Grand Theory (GT) that proclaimed by United States scientists and a Theory of Everything, Stephen Hawking.

Through two theories that physicists and cosmology of the world are now sought to explain the secret of the creation of the universe in one single theory.

Salam once called himself as a successor to the Muslim scientist 1000 years ago. The pride made him concluded, "the pride of people now depends on the creation of scientific and technological achievements." Self-esteem it, as has been evidenced by the Greeting itself, not only can lift a society accords with other companies.

Read also: A brief biography of Albert Einstein

Movement and participation create science technology will contribute to the enhancement of the dignity of all humanity, regardless of origin and nationality.

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