Biography of Karl Landsteiner inventor blood type – Karl Landsteiner was born in Vienna, Austria on June 14, 1868. He was a descendant of the famous journalist and doctor of law in Austria. When he was six years old, his father died. He lives with his mother, Fanny. Later he became a scientist who managed to find the classification of blood type A, B, AB, and O which led him to reach for the Nobel in medicine in 1930.
Landsteiner has engaged in research since he was still a student. His research results are published works primarily about the influence of diet composition of gray against blood. He studied medical science at the University of Vienna and graduated in 1891.
As someone who has been involved in the world of a research student, his passion ever since growing upon entering the level of tuition. When moving to Germany, he became a very active scientist in the research field of chemistry at Hantzsch Laboratories in Zurich, laboratory of Emil Fischer at Wurzburg, and the laboratory of e. Bamberger in Munich.
In 1896, he returned to his hometown, Vienna. There, i.e., worked as an Assistant to Max von Gruber at the Hygiene Institute of Vienna. During the tahun1898-1908, he became an Assistant at the University of Vienna Department of Anatomy, Pathology and worked with Prof. a. Waichselbaum of Streptococcus pneumonia bacteria causes the inventor of meningitis.
Landsteiner more dabbling in Physiology rather than anatomical. In the two years, he spent much of his career to publishing research on the abnormal immune and anatomy. He managed to post a lot of research, especially about the morbid anatomy and immunization. He also found immunization factor called a hapten. He also credited his research about the top paroxysmal hemoglobinuria (hemoglobinuria paroxysmal).
Contributions in the field of pathological Landsteiner, Histology, Immunology and is great. He conducted observations carefully. Its discovery was a very well-known classification of blood that is still used today.
The year 1875 Landsteiner stating if humans transfuse the blood of animals, then the foreign blood will clot and burst blood vessels in people. It shows the reaction of high school also occur in a blood transfusion between humans, where such action may cause shock or other responses.
In 1901, Landsteiner classified blood into four types, namely A, B, AB, and o. He showed that transfusion between blood type A or B do not cause damage to cells as if the transfusion was done on a different blood type.
Fifteen years later, in 1916, Landsteiner was married to Helen Wlasto, a woman from the descendants of the former judge famous journalist. From the results of the marriage, they had a child who was christened Karl Ernts on April 8, 1917.
In 1919, Landsteiner worked at the Rockefeller Institute for medical research in New York. He and Levine and the Wiener collaborate to do more research regarding blood type.
In 1927, he found the new blood group, i.e., M, N, and P, refining the work that was started 20 years earlier. Two years later, he changed the citizenship of the United States. Then, in 1939, he was appointed Professor Emeritus at the Institute Rockefeller.
Karl Landsteiner died on 24 June 1943 due to a heart attack. He was buried in Nantucket, Massachusetts, where he and his family have spent much of the summer.