What are the countries in North America? The continent of North America is the third largest Continent in the world based on its area. The North American continent covering approximately 4.8% of the Earth’s surface (sea and land) or have about 16.5% of the total landmass on Earth is located between the Pacific Ocean to the West and the Atlantic Ocean to the East.
The geographic boundaries that differentiate between the continent of North America with South America are the border between the State of Panama (North America) and Colombia (South America). The Mainland of the North American continent and South American Continents are also separated by Panama Canal connecting the Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean.
Canada is the largest country on the continent of North America that is as big as 9.984.670 km2 while the Country has the largest population in the mainland of North America is the United States that is as much as 321,368,864 inhabitants.
- An area of the North American continent: 24,490 000 km2
- The population of the North American continent: 565,265, 000 inhabitants (EST. 1995)
- The number of countries in the continent of North America: 23 recognized sovereign State of the UNITED NATIONS
- The highest point on the mainland of North America: Mount McKinley in Alaska (6, 194m)
- The largest lake in continental North America: Lake Superior (82.410 km2)
- The longest river in the North American continent: the Mississippi River-Missouri (6,133)
- Languages of the North American continent: United Kingdom Language, the English and the languages of Spain.
The list of countries on the continent of North America
Geographically, the North American continent can be divided into a few sub areas of the region, namely North America, the Caribbean and Central America.
Countries in the Sub-region of North America
Countries in the Sub-region Caribbean
Almost all of the countries that are in the Sub-region is the Caribbean island nation; the following are the countries located in the Sub-region Caribbean.
Country Capital Area Antigua and Barbuda
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Vincent dan Grenadines
Trinidad dan Tobago
Port of Spain
Countries in the Sub-region Central America
Below is a list of 7 countries located in the Central American region.
Country Capital Area Belize