About The Philippines – Things you need to know about the Philippines are:
- Area: 300,324 SQ km
- Capital city: Manila
- Form of Government: Republic
- June 12: Independence day
- Head of State: President
- President Noynoy Aquino:
- National Anthem: Lupang Harang
- Total population: 103,775,002
- Languages: Tagalog, United Kingdom
- The religion of the majority Catholic population:
- Currency: Peso
- International Airport Ninoy Aquino:
- Airline company: Philippines Airlines (PAL)
Borders of the Philippines
- To the North, it borders with the Philippine Sea
- The South is bordered by the Sulu Sea and the Celebes Sea
- East borders the Philippine Sea
- The West bordering the South China Sea
Based on the location latitude, the Philippines is tropical with an average air temperature of 25 degrees C-28 degrees c. In Northern and central parts of the frequent typhoons (tropical storm), namely between September to November. The wind is blowing with toned from the direction of the Pacific Ocean toward the South China Sea as a result of the climate surrounding depression.
The name of the Philippines (Philippines) comes from the name of the King of Spain, namely: Philips. The Philippines was once Spain colonised for 350 years, beginning in 1521. On June 12, 1898, proclaimed the independence of Emilio Aguinaldo.
This happened when Spain lost the war with the United States. But it turns out that the Philippines is far from independent of the actual meaning because then the United States ruled the Philippines based on the Treaty of Paris, December 1898.
Since then, the Philippines was under American authority to acquire its independence again on July 4, 1946. Now the independence day is celebrated every 12 June, while July 4 is celebrated as the day of Philippine and American Friendship (Philippines-American Friendship Day)/that’s the names of the Filipinos to use people’s names Spain, but lifestyle and political system such as the United States people.
Since February 1986 Corazon Aquino (Cory) became President of the Philippines Ferdinand e. Marcos succeeded through revolution “people’s power” (people power). Cory was the wife of the late Benigno (Ninoy) Aquino, Marcos political opponents, namely shot time set foot back to the Philippines from exile in the United States, on August 21, 1983. Then Marcos lived in exile in Hawaii one of the State State of United States.
Update: Please see the map here.
The location of the country of the Philippines and Indonesia to the North East of Hong Kong. With the Mainland of Asia, the Philippines is separated by the South China Sea, to the East is the Pacific Ocean with Indonesia are separated by the sea of Sulawesi, with Malaysia East by the Sulu Sea. Astronomically the Philippines located at 4 degrees north latitude 21 degrees north latitude and 116 degrees East longitude-228 degrees East longitude.
The Philippines is an archipelago, consisting of 7,000 islands. But only about 1,000 islands are peopled by human beings. Anyway-a rather large island is an island: Mindoro, Luzon, Samar, Panay, Negro, Palawan, Mindanao, Leyte, Masbate, Cebu, and the island of Bohol. The largest island is an island on the northern tip of Luzon and Mindanao Island in the South end.
Manila is the national capital of the Philippines is located on the island of Luzon. The country has many volcanoes, including 12 active volcanoes. Mayon volcano on Luzon famous for often erupt. In the Philippines every year always does, namely Typhoon heavy rain accompanied by strong winds. Storm wind was blowing from the Pacific Ocean toward the South China Sea.
In General, the mountain system in the Philippines is divided into three main lines, namely:
- A system of mountains in the central part with an average height of about 1,600 m, called the Cordillera Central mountains paths.
- The line of mountains on the East Coast, with an average height of approximately 650 m, the system was named Sierra Madre mountains.
- A system of mountains in the Southwest, the Mountain named Jambates.
The population of Philippines
The Philippines is an agricultural country. Therefore the main population livelihood is agriculture. The main crop is rice. Rice Research Institute International (International Rice Research Institute) there are in Los Banos. This Research Institute was aiming to find rice seeds. Agricultural/Plantation is sugar cane, coconuts, pineapples and bananas. The results of the mine from the Philippines are gold, silver, iron ore, manganese, and copper.
The 1986 Philippine exports reached the US $4,842 million and imported the US $5,394 million. National income (1985) was US $90,500 million.
The main economic activities
Is an agricultural country with its main rice crop the resulting in Central Luzon, Panay, Leyte, Samar, Bohol, Cebu and Negro. In the Philippines, there are research centres at the international abbreviated IRRI (International Rice Research Institute) who managed to find a superior rice seeds IR i.e. pest-resistant superior varieties grown in Indonesia. Other crops of bananas and pineapple.
The result was the sugar cane, coconuts, tobacco make, and Abaca (Manila fibre).
The results of the main mine are gold, silver, iron ore, and copper. Mining gold and silver in Cebu, Baguio, and Southeastern Luzon. Manganese mining in Northern Palawan, mining of iron ore in Luzon, Cebu and Mindanao, as well as copper mining in Luzon and Mindanao.
Tourism object that is developed is natural attractions, such as Banau Lanao and the Mayon volcano, and cultural tourism, among others, traditional dance tinikling dancers performed Bayanihan.
The relationship of the Philippines and Indonesia
The Philippines is one of the founding Member States and ASEAN. Between the Indonesia with the Philippines has long been a trading relationship.
Indonesia exports crude petroleum, iron, steel, aluminium. While the Philippine exports to Indonesia in the form of sugar, copra. The value of Indonesia’s exports to the Philippines in 1987 reached the US $37.1 million, and the value of imports was the US $118.4 million.