Skip to main content

Asquith, Herbert Henry Biography

Herbert Henry Asquith, first Earl of Oxford and Asquith, KG, PC, KC, FRS (12 Sep 1852 – fifteen February 1928), typically called H. H. Asquith, was a British pol of the party United Nations agency served as Prime Minister of the uk from 1908 to 1916.

He was the last Prime Minister to steer a majority Liberal government and contend a central role within the style and passage of major liberal legislation. In August 1914, Asquith took the uk into the primary war, however resigned amid political conflict in Gregorian calendar month 1916 and was succeeded by his secretaryship, David player patron saint.

Asquith's father in hand atiny low business however died once Asquith was seven. Asquith was educated at town of London faculty and Balliol school, Oxford. He trained as a attorney and when a slow begin to his career achieved nice success. In 1886, he was adopted as Liberal candidate for East transverse flute, a seat he control for over thirty years.

In 1892, he was appointed as Secretary of State for the Home Department in Gladstone's fourth ministry, remaining within the post till the Liberals lost the 1895 election. within the decade of opposition that followed, Asquith became a serious figure within the party, and once the Liberals regained power beneath Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman in 1905, Asquith was named Chancellor of the cash in hand. In 1908, Asquith succeeded him as Prime Minister, with David player patron saint as Chancellor.

Asquith,-Herbert-Henry picture

Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
In office: 5 April 1908 – 5 December 1916
Monarch: Edward VII, George V
Preceded by: Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman
Succeeded by: David Lloyd George

Chancellor of the Exchequer
In office: 10 December 1905 – 12 April 1908
Prime Minister: Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman
Preceded by: Austen Chamberlain
Succeeded by: David Lloyd George

Home Secretary
In office: 18 August 1892 – 25 June 1895
Prime Minister: William Ewart Gladstone, The Earl of Rosebery
Preceded by: Henry Matthews
Succeeded by: Matthew White Ridley

Secretary of State for War
In office: 30 March 1914 – 5 August 1914
Preceded by: J. E. B. Seely
Succeeded by: The Earl Kitchener

Leader of the Opposition
In office: 12 February 1920 – 21 November 1922
Monarch: George V
Prime Minister: David Lloyd George, Bonar Law
Preceded by: Donald Maclean
Succeeded by: Ramsay MacDonald

In office: 6 December 1916 – 14 December 1918
Monarch: George V
Prime Minister: David Lloyd George
Preceded by: Sir Edward Carson
Succeeded by: Donald Maclean

Leader of the Liberal Party
In office: 30 April 1908 – 14 October 1926
Preceded by: Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman
Succeeded by: David Lloyd George

Personal details
Born: Herbert Asquith, 12 September 1852
Morley, West Riding of Yorkshire, England
Died: 15 February 1928 (aged 75), Sutton Courtenay, Berkshire, England
Resting place: All Saints' Church, Sutton Courtenay
Political party: Liberal
Spouse(s): Helen Melland, (m. 1877; her death 1891), Margot Tennant, (m. 1894; his death 1928)
Children: 10, including Raymond, Herbert, Arthur, Violet, Cyril, Elizabeth, and Anthony
Parents: Joseph Dixon Asquith, Emily Willans
Alma mater: Balliol College, Oxford, Inns of Court School of Law
Profession: Barrister

With their 1st majority government since the Eighteen Eighties, the Liberals were determined to advance their agenda. associate impediment to the present was the unelected House of Lords, dominated by the Conservatives. once player patron saint projected, and therefore the House of Commons passed, the People's Budget of 1909, the Lords rejected it. in the meantime the African nation Act 1909 passed. Asquith known as associate election for January 1910, and therefore the Liberals won, tho' were reduced to a minority government.

Although the Lords then passed the budget, Asquith determined to reform the higher house, and following the overall election in Gregorian calendar month 1910 gained passage of the Parliament Act 1911, permitting a bill thrice glided by the Commons in consecutive sessions to be enacted despite the Lords. Asquith was less self-made in handling Irish self-rule. perennial crises semiconductor diode to gun running and violence, verging on warfare.

Asquith's action in taking the country to war was one in all the foremost necessary individual ministerial choices of contemporary times; he did it with Britain united and with the postponement of the problems of eire and women's franchise. He aided Britain's final success within the war through his early choices on national mobilisation; the despatch of land military Force to the Western Front, the creation of a mass army, and therefore the development of associate industrial strategy designed to support the country's war aims.

But Asquith's technique of acting as intercessor among proficient cupboard members like player patron saint and Sir Winston Leonard Spenser Churchill was less effective in war than in peace, and setbacks within the war effort forced him to create a coalition government with the Conservatives and Labour early in 1915.

Bitter rivalries within and between the 3 major parties worsened once Asquith was unable to forge the coalition into a harmonious team. it absolutely was weakened by his own indecision over strategy, mobilization, and finance. player patron saint unionized his overthrow and replaced him as Prime Minister in Gregorian calendar month 1916.

Asquith remained as leader of the party, however was unable to quell the inner conflict. The party apace declined in quality and was ruined by the 1918 election. Asquith accepted a baronage in 1925 and died, aged 75, in 1928. His role in making the fashionable British state (1906–1911) are celebrated, however his weaknesses as a war leader and as a celebration leader when 1914 are emphatic by historians.

Popular posts from this blog

Peta Pulau Jawa Lengkap dengan keterangannya

Peta Pulau Jawa Lengkap dengan keterangannya - Seperti telah kita ketahui bahwa pulau Jawa merupakan pulau yang lebih padat penduduknya daripada pulau-pulau lain di Indonesia. Selain itu, Pulau Jawa Dwipa bisa dikatakan sebagai pusat sejarah peradaban sejak zaman kerajaan, sebagai contoh zaman Kerajaan Majapahit.
Pulau Jawa sampai saat admin menuliskan ini dibagi dalam 4 provinsi, yaitu Provinsi Jawa Barat, Jawa Tengah, Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta (DIY), dan Provinsi Jawa Timur. Masing-masing provinsi membawahi kabupaten dan kota administratif.
Pulau Jawa merupakan pulau yang subur makmur dengan batas-batasnya sebagai berikut: sebelah barat: Selat SundaSebelah timur: Selat Balisebelah utara: Laut Jawasebelah selatan: Samudera Indonesia/Samudera Hindia
Gambar Peta Pulau Jawa Mengacu pada judul di atas, kali ini sejarah negara akan melampirkan Peta Pulau Jawa yang meliputi Jawa Barat, Jawa Tengah, DIY dan Jawa Timur. Karena wilayahnya memanjang dari barat ke timur peta tersebut ukurannya …

Sebab umum dan sebab khusus Perang Diponegoro

Sejarah Nasional.Perang Diponegoro berlangsung selama lima tahun yaitu dari tahun 1825 hingga tahun 1830. Hal ini secara gamblang telah di bahas pada artikel Perang Diponegoro terjadi tahun 1825-1830. Untuk kali ini Sejarah Nasional dan Dunia akan membahas secara lebih spesifik tentang penyebab terjadinya perang tersebut.
Sebab terjadinya Perang Diponegoro dapat dibagi menjadi dua, yaitu sebab umum dan sebab khusus. Berikut pembahasannya.
Sebab umum Rakyat dibelit oleh berbagai bentuk pajak dan pungutan yang menjadi beban turun-temurun.Pihak keraton Jogjakarta tidak berdaya menghadapi campur tangan politik pemerintah kolonial.Kalangan keraton hidup mewah dan tidak mempedulikan penderitaan rakyat.
Sebab khusus Pangeran Diponegoro tersingkir dari elite kekuasaan, karena menolak berkompromi dengan pemerintah kolonial. Pangeran Diponegoro memilih mengasingkan diri ke Tegalrejo untuk memusatkan perhatian pada kehidupan keagamaan.Pemerintah kolonial melakukan provokasi dengan membuat jalan yan…

Masa pemerintahan Presiden B.J. Habibie

Turunnya Soeharto dari jabatan kepresidenan pada tanggal 21 Mei 1998 menjadi awal lahirnya era Reformasi di Indonesia. Perkembangan politik ketika itu ditandai dengan pergantian presiden di Indonesia. Seperti telah di bahas pada Kronologi reformasi indonesia tahun 1998, bahwa Segera setelah Soeharto mengundurkan diri, Mahkamah Agung mengambil sumpah Baharuddin Jusuf Habibie sebagai presiden.

Masa pemerintahan Presiden B.J. Habibie berlangsung dari tanggal 21 Mei 1998 sampai 20 Oktober 1999. Pengangkatan Habibie sebagai presiden ini memunculkan kontroversi di masyarakat. Pihak yang pro menganggap pengangkatan Habibie sudah konstitusional, sedangkan pihak yang kontra menganggap bahwa Habibie sebagai kelanjutan dari era Soeharto dan pengangkatannya dianggap tidak konstitusional.

Pengambilan sumpah beliau sebagai presiden dilakukan di Credential Room, Istana Merdeka. Dalam pidato yang pertama setelah pengangkatannya, B.J. Habibie menyampaikan hal-hal sebagai berikut : Mohon dukungan dari …