Alfred the good (Old English: Ælfrēd, Ælfrǣd, “elf counsel” or “wise elf”; 849 – twenty six Gregorian calendar month 899) was King of Wessex from 871 to 899. Alfred was the youngest son of King Æthelwulf of Wessex.
Taking the throne when the death of his brother Æthelred, AElfred spent many years addressing Viking invasions. when a decisive ending within the Battle of Edington in 878 AElfred created associate degree agreement with the Vikings, making what was referred to as Danelaw within the North of England. AElfred conjointly oversaw the conversion of the Viking leader, Guthrum.
Alfred with success defended his kingdom against the Viking try at conquest, and by the time of his death had become the dominant ruler in England. he’s one among solely 2 English monarchs to tend the epithet “the Great”, the opposite being the Scandinavian King of England the good. He was conjointly the primary King of the West Saxons to vogue himself “King of the Anglo-Saxons”. Details of Alfred’s life square measure represented in a very work by the 9th-century Welsh scholar and bishop Asser.
Alfred had a name as a learned and merciful man of a gracious and down to earth nature United Nations agency inspired education, proposing that primary education be educated in English instead of Latin, and improved his kingdom’s system, military structure, and his people’s quality of life. In 2002 AElfred was hierarchal range fourteen within the BBC’s poll of the a hundred Greatest Britons.
Statue of Alfred the Great by Hamo Thornycroft in Winchester, unveiled during the millenary commemoration of Alfred’s death.
King of the Anglo-Saxons
Reign: 23 April 871 – 26 October 899
Successor: Edward the Elder
Born: 849; Wantage, then in Berkshire, now Oxfordshire
Died: 26 October 899 (around 50) Winchester
Burial: c. 1100; Hyde Abbey, Winchester, Hampshire, now lost
Issue: Æthelflæd, Lady of the Mercians; Edward, King of Wessex; Æthelgifu, abbess of Shaftesbury; Æthelweard of Wessex; Ælfthryth, Countess of Flanders
Full name: Ælfred of Wessex
Father: Æthelwulf, King of Wessex